Is Gastric Bypass Finally the Cure for Diabetes?

Gastric bypass is a surgical procedure that helps individuals lose weight by altering the way eaten food is handled by the stomach and small intestine. The surgery actually makes your stomach smaller, making you feel already full despite much lesser food intake.

Gastric bypass surgery involves two steps. The first step reduces the size of your stomach by dividing it into two separate sections using staples. The upper section, which is smaller in size, is called the pouch; this is where consumed food is directed. This section is as big as a walnut or an egg and it can take about an ounce of food. This upper section actually removes the whole function of the stomach from the lower section which is bigger in size.

The second step in the surgery is the bypass, wherein a small section of the small intestine, called the jejunum, will be connected to a small opening in the pouch. From the pouch, through the small opening to the small intestine – this will be the new route consumed food will take and since this will make food skip large areas of the intestine and stomach the body will also be absorbing lesser amounts of calorie. Thus, with lower appetite, metabolism is increased and sugar intake, controlled.

But is the surgery really effective in pushing diabetes into remission? To really determine how much gastric surgery can really curb diabetes teams from Ohio’s Cleveland Clinic and the Catholic University of Rome conducted studies involving 200 advanced diabetic patients who are either taking medication of about to undergo weight-loss surgery. The results came as a surprise as the surgical procedure registered between 37 to 95 percent of diabetes remission, a far success compared to drug therapy, which registered a low 0 – 12 percent.

Probably more tests may be required in proving that gastric bypass can really put a hold on diabetes, or maybe not; presently, though, tests confirm that it is an effective solution to diabetic problems, especially in obese patients.

read more