Uncovering The Different Causes of Spinal Cord Injuries

The spinal cord is one of the most important organs of the body. It helps us stand upright, lift heavy objects, support our back, and others. According to the website of the Champaign personal injury lawyers, few injuries can have a more comprehensive effect on our lives than spinal cord injuries. Damage to this organ of the body can lead to temporary or even permanent disability.

Spinal cord injuries (SCI) can have different causes. In general, it is the result of direct trauma to the nerves or indirect damage to the bones and soft tissues as well as the surrounding vessels. Damage to the spinal cord leads to loss of function, such as mobility or feeling. In most people suffering from the injury, the spinal cord is not entirely severed but either bruised or torn. A broken vertebra or vertebrae does not necessarily mean that the spinal cord itself is affected.

Spinal cord injuries are often the result of motor vehicle accidents, falls, sporting-related incidents, or diving into shallow water. If another condition caused the spine to be weak, any minor injury can result to spinal cord trauma. The age of an individual can also cause spinal cord injuries. The narrowing of the intervertebral canal results to a condition called stenosis. SCI can either be traumatic or non-traumatic. The former is caused by a trauma to the spinal cord while the latter results from other causes.

In adults, spinal cord injuries results from damage to the spinal column that involves stretching, bruising, impacting, or compacting due to an external force or movement. In children, SCI is caused by the over-stretching of the spinal cord. In addition, it can also be caused by an infection in the spinal nerve cells. Other causes may include cysts or tumors on the spinal cord, interruption of blood flow to the spinal cord, and congenital medical conditions that has an effect on the structure of the spinal column.

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Saving Lives the Odd Way

An electric underwear and an anti-rape underwear may sound funny, but in truth, these were thought of as possibly means of saving lives, particularly, the lives of the bed-ridden and of women who may fall victims to rape.

Recently two gears were developed, one in Canada, by Sean Dukelow, a Canadian researcher, and the other in India, by engineering students. Dukelow, whose main concern was to reduce the chances of bed sore development and infection in bed-ridden patients, introduced the electric underpants, also called the Smart-E-Pants. Bed sores or open wounds, according to him, are caused by sustained pressure on the skin of the person who is confined to the bed for a long time. This pressure can slow down the flow of blood in the capillaries or tiny blood vessels, depriving the skin of enough oxygen and tissue nutrients, resulting to damaged or dead tissues. Bed sores can easily lead to infection, even death. In the US, about 60,000 deaths, due to bed sores, are reported every year.

The other gear that was reported to have been introduced in India by three engineering students was the Anti-Rape Underwear, meant to enable women and girls to defend themselves against social, workplace or domestic sexual abuses. The slow move of the Indian government to implement measures that will certainly curb rape crimes was what prompted the three students to come up with the safety gear.

The anti-rape underwear, also called Society Harnessing Equipment (SHE), was reported to be equipped with a GPS and capable of emitting 82 electric shocks, as strong as 3,800 kilovolts, and sending an SMS to the family of the victim and the police.

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Is Gastric Bypass Finally the Cure for Diabetes?

Gastric bypass is a surgical procedure that helps individuals lose weight by altering the way eaten food is handled by the stomach and small intestine. The surgery actually makes your stomach smaller, making you feel already full despite much lesser food intake.

Gastric bypass surgery involves two steps. The first step reduces the size of your stomach by dividing it into two separate sections using staples. The upper section, which is smaller in size, is called the pouch; this is where consumed food is directed. This section is as big as a walnut or an egg and it can take about an ounce of food. This upper section actually removes the whole function of the stomach from the lower section which is bigger in size.

The second step in the surgery is the bypass, wherein a small section of the small intestine, called the jejunum, will be connected to a small opening in the pouch. From the pouch, through the small opening to the small intestine – this will be the new route consumed food will take and since this will make food skip large areas of the intestine and stomach the body will also be absorbing lesser amounts of calorie. Thus, with lower appetite, metabolism is increased and sugar intake, controlled.

But is the surgery really effective in pushing diabetes into remission? To really determine how much gastric surgery can really curb diabetes teams from Ohio’s Cleveland Clinic and the Catholic University of Rome conducted studies involving 200 advanced diabetic patients who are either taking medication of about to undergo weight-loss surgery. The results came as a surprise as the surgical procedure registered between 37 to 95 percent of diabetes remission, a far success compared to drug therapy, which registered a low 0 – 12 percent.

Probably more tests may be required in proving that gastric bypass can really put a hold on diabetes, or maybe not; presently, though, tests confirm that it is an effective solution to diabetic problems, especially in obese patients.

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